AskDefine | Define calculate

Dictionary Definition

calculate

Verb

1 make a mathematical calculation or computation [syn: cipher, cypher, compute, work out, reckon, figure]
2 judge to be probable [syn: estimate, reckon, count on, figure, forecast]
3 keep an account of [syn: account]
4 predict in advance [syn: forecast]
5 specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public [syn: aim, direct]
6 have faith or confidence in; "you can count on me to help you any time"; "Look to your friends for support"; "You can bet on that!"; "Depend on your family in times of crisis" [syn: count, bet, depend, look, reckon]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From Latin calculare

Pronunciation

  • /kæɫkjuːleɪt/

Verb

  1. To determine the value of something or the solution to something by a mathematical process.
    Calculate the square root of 3 to 10 decimal places.
  2. To determine values or solutions by a mathematical process.
  3. To plan something, especially something morally wrong.

Synonyms

Translations

(transitive) to determine value
  • Catalan: calcular
  • Croatian: kalkulirati, izračunati
  • Czech: spočítat
  • Dutch: berekenen, uitwerken
  • Esperanto: kalkuli
  • Finnish: laskea
  • French: calculer
  • German: kalkulieren, berechnen, ausrechnen
  • Hebrew: לחשב (le'khashev)
  • Hungarian: kiszámít
  • Italian: calcolare
  • Japanese: 計算 (keisansuru) する (けいさんする)
  • Korean: 정산하다 (jeongsanhada)
  • Polish: wyliczać, kalkulować
  • Portuguese: calcular
  • Russian: вычислять, считать, подсчитывать
  • Spanish: calcular
  • Swedish: beräkna, räkna ut
(intransitive) determine values or solutions
  • ttbc Arabic: حسب (hasaba)
  • Chinese: 计算
  • Dutch: rekenen, uitwerken
  • Finnish: laskea
  • German: rechnen
  • Hungarian: számol, számítást végez
  • Japanese:
    value: 計算する(けいさんする,keisansuru), 算定する (さんていする, santeisuru), 算出する(さんしゅつする, sanshutusuru), 見積もる (みつもる, mitsumoru)
    solution: 推定する (すいていする, suisoku suru)
  • Korean: 계산하다 (gyesanhada)
  • Swedish: räkna (count; do calculations in general), beräkna, räkna ut (calculate a specific answer)
(intransitive) plan

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

A calculation is a deliberate process for transforming one or more inputs into one or more results, with variable change.
The term is used in a variety of senses, from the very definite arithmetical calculation using an algorithm to the vague heuristics of calculating a strategy in a competition or calculating the chance of a successful relationship between two people.
Multiplying 7 by 8 is a simple algorithmic calculation.
Estimating the fair price for financial instruments using the Black-Scholes model is a complex algorithmic calculation.
Statistical estimations of the likely election results from opinion polls also involve algorithmic calculations, but give results that are ranges of possibilities rather than exact answers.
Deciding the best way to build a relationship with a member of the opposite sex may also result from a calculation, but is not definite, predictable, nor even clearly defined. This indefinite application of the term gives it a second area of meaning apart from the mathematical senses mentioned above.
To calculate means to ascertain by computing. The English word derives from the Latin calculus, which originally meant a small stone in the gall-bladder (from Latin calx). It also meant a pebble used for calculating, or a small stone used as a counter in an abacus (Latin abacus, Greek abax). The abacus was an instrument used by Greeks and Romans for arithmetic calculations, preceding the slide-rule and the electronic calculator, and consisted of perforated pebbles sliding on an iron bars.
calculate in German: Rechnen
calculate in Spanish: Cálculo aritmético
calculate in French: Calcul (mathématiques)
calculate in Galician: Cálculo
calculate in Korean: 계산
calculate in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Calculo (mathematica)
calculate in Italian: Calcolo (matematica)
calculate in Hebrew: חישוב
calculate in Latin: Calculus
calculate in Japanese: 計算
calculate in Russian: Вычисление
calculate in Volapük: Kalkulam
calculate in Contenese: 計算
calculate in Chinese: 计算

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

add, add up, algebraize, appraise, appreciate, arrange, ascertain, assay, assess, bank on, build on, calibrate, caliper, cast, check a parameter, cipher, compute, concert, consider, contrive, count, count on, cut out, depend, design, determine, devise, dial, discover, divide, dope out, estimate, evaluate, extract roots, fathom, figure, figure in, figure out, forecast, forethink, frame, gauge, graduate, intend, lay plans, lot, make a projection, make arrangements, measure, mensurate, mete, meter, methodize, multiply, organize, pace, plan, plan ahead, plot, plumb, prearrange, premeditate, preresolve, price, prize, probe, program, project, quantify, quantize, rate, rationalize, reckon, reckon on, schedule, schematize, scheme, score, set up, shape, size, size up, sound, span, step, study, subtract, survey, systematize, take a reading, take account of, tally, triangulate, trust in, valuate, value, weigh, work out, work out beforehand, work up
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